- WIENER LIBRARY, Jewish information institute in London, founded in 1934 in Amsterdam as the Jewish Central Information Office, by David Cohen, its president, and alfred wiener , its director. The aim of the institute was to communicate material on the realities of national socialism to Jewish organizations and leaders for effective action with the authorities of their respective countries. It collected, inter alia, Nazi news publications (up to the end of World War II). The institute supplied information for the defense of david frankfurter and for the trial of the publishers of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion in Switzerland. At the end of 1938 a special collection of material on the November Kristallnacht was initiated. In the spring of 1939 the seat of the institute was transferred to London. The Amsterdam branch and most of its personnel became victims of the Nazis. During World War II the library collaborated with the British authorities and the BBC. Special stress was laid on the collection of material on war criminals, which was supplied to the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. In recognition of these services the library received the bulk of the copies of prosecution documents. In 1946 a bi-monthly, The Wiener Library Bulletin, was initiated. With volume XIX, no. 3 (1965), its publication ceased, but it was replaced by a new publication under the same title with a change in interests and contents. The 19 volumes are a treasure of information on Nazism, Fascism (including neo-Nazism and neo-Fascism), Jewish affairs, and the Holocaust in particular. After the death of Alfred Wiener in 1964, walter z. laqueur became director of the library. He inaugurated the Journal of Contemporary History (1966), catalogs of the book collection, and monographs on the library's research subjects. Four catalogs of the library had been previously published. (Yehuda Reshef) At the end of 1974 it was announced that the Wiener Library would be transferred to Tel Aviv University; the move was completed in 1980 with a microfilm library, covering periodicals, press archives, and rare books, to be maintained in London. From 1974 to 1980 Tel Aviv University contributed to the maintenance of the library in London. Despite the move of some of its holdings to Israel, it continues as the Institute of Contemporary History and Wiener Library, at Devonshire Street in central London. It contains one of the largest libraries of books and archives relating to the Holocaust period in Europe, over 50,000 items. Its director in 2005, Ben Barkow, was the author of Alfred Wiener and the Making of the Holocaust Library (1997). The Library publishes a newsletter and other works and holds lectures and conferences. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Robinson and P. Friedman, Guide to Jewish History under Nazi Impact (1960), 108–9; Wiener Library; The Wiener Library, Its History and Activities, 1934–1945 (1946); R. Weltsch, in: YLBI, 9 (1964), xxix–xxx.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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Wiener Library — Die Wiener Library, benannt nach Alfred Wiener, heute Institute of Contemporary History and Wiener Library, Ltd., ist eine 1933 in Amsterdam gegründete Holocaust Forschungseinrichtung mit Sitz in London. Heutiger Direktor der Wiener Library in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Wiener — is German for Viennese, but may also refer to: * A hot dog, from German Wiener Würstchen , meaning Viennese small sausage * A slang term for penis Wiener is the surname of: * Alexander S. Wiener (1907 76), leader in the fields of forensic… … Wikipedia
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WIENER, LEO — (1862–1939), philologist and historian of Yiddish language, literature, and folklore. Born in Bialystok, Poland, he studied at the University of Warsaw in 1880, and then in Berlin. In 1882 he immigrated to the U.S. He became a lecturer in the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
WIENER, MAX — (1882–1950), Reform rabbi, author, and theologian. Born in Oppeln (Germany), he studied at the University of Berlin, where he received his Ph.D. in 1906, and at the Juedisch theologisches Seminar in Breslau and the Lehranstalt fuer die… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Wiener, Norbert — born Nov. 26, 1894, Columbia, Mo., U.S. died March 18, 1964, Stockholm, Swed. U.S. mathematician. He earned a Ph.D. from Harvard at 18. He joined the faculty of MIT in 1919. His work on generalized harmonic analysis and Tauberian theorems (which… … Universalium
Wiener Zeitung — Infobox Newspaper name = type = Daily newspaper format = Broadsheet foundation = 1703 owners = Austria, represented by the Chancellor headquarters = Wiedner Gürtel 10, 1040 Vienna editor = Andreas Unterberger website =… … Wikipedia
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